Toyota is proud of the fact it created the compact SUV market with the launch of the original RAV4 back in 1994.
That pioneering three-door model – its name standing for Recreational Active Vehicle 4-wheel drive – was quite different from traditional 4x4s, being conceived as an “urban” all-wheel drive vehicle with a monocoque chassis rather than body-on-frame construction, and independent suspension. Power came from a relatively small 2.0-litre, transverse mounted petrol engine.
Toyota’s vision for a new kind of car proved a big success that other manufacturers were keen to follow. Today there are around 20 different models competing in the segment.
The three generations of RAV4 have amassed more than 4.5 million sales in more than 150 countries worldwide. European markets have accounted for more than 1.2 million of that total, with sales in the UK surpassing 155,000 units by the end of last year.
The fundamental design elements that have defined RAV4 down the years remain equally relevant for the new fourth generation model, but while it remains true to its heritage, it has evolved to meet changes in customer requirements and preferences, particularly the importance families place on space and versatility.
To strengthen its appeal in these respects, the new RAV4 builds on the core values of its predecessors, while introducing distinctive new styling, a premium quality interior, stronger and more rewarding dynamic performance and more fuel-efficient powertrains.
The new RAV4 is longer (+205mm over SWB model without rear wheel carrier) and wider (+30mm) but lower (-25mm) than its predecessor, and presents a new silhouette that expresses its versatility, roominess and improved dynamic capabilities.
The exterior displays signature elements of Toyota’s new design language in its frontal appearance and overall muscular, durable look. The new Toyota“face” includes a stronger treatment of the lower grille and a smaller upper grille extending the full width between the headlamp units. The new approach is also witnessed in the keen-edged design of the headlamps and detailing in the arrangement of the LED daytime running lights.
The lower grille forms a large trapezoidal opening in the front bumper; the bumper itself has a hard wearing finish which flows from its corners to surround the entire base of the vehicle, including the wheel arches. This provides a degree of off-road protection as well as further emphasising the vehicle’s muscular posture.
In profile view, the new RAV4 inherits the combination of space-efficient packaging, rising belt line and distinctive silhouette that have characterised successive generations of the model.
The belt-line has been made more pronounced, with blacked-out centre and rear pillars emphasising the lengthened side glass area and increase in interior space. Below the belt-line the contrast between the convex body surfacing and the concave treatment of the prominent wheel arches and door sills adds further strength and dynamism to the side-on appearance.
The cabin tapers strongly to the rear, contrasting with the width of the lower body and creating muscular haunches over the rear wheel arches. The effect is heightened by the new rear combination lamps, which flow from the rear quarters around the corners of the vehicle to underscore the tailgate glass.
The tailgate itself is now top-hinged with an integrated roof spoiler.
In Europe nine exterior colours will be available, including two new shades: Titan Blue and Highland Green.
The new RAV4’s cabin is spacious, comfortable and provides the driver with a cockpit-like position at the wheel. It extends the practicality of its predecessors by offering more room, higher quality finishes and a more focused and engaging driving experience.
The new dashboard comprises strong upper and lower beams, interrupted by a curved, metal-finished spar to frame the instrument binnacle, steering wheel and driver’s footwell.
The clean and sophisticated design introduces high quality materials, including soft padding on many of the touch-points for driver and passengers, crisp trim finishes, new colours and more leather around the instrument panel.
All the instrument and switchgear is backlit in cool blue, adding to the sophistication and consistency of the cabin environment.
Lower driving position
The driving position has been designed for excellent ergonomics, greater comfort, better forward visibility and a more engaging driving experience.
The driver’s seat hip-point has been lowered by 5mm and the seat height adjustment range has been increased by 15mm. At the same time, the steering wheel angle has been lowered by 2.3 degrees.
To give the driver a better forward view, the front pillars have been moved further outwards, increasing the field of vision from the wheel by three degrees. The pillars are thinner, too, with an eight per cent narrower cross-section.
More space, more versatility
RAV4 remains compact and manoeuvrable, but within its overall length of 4,570mm and 2,660mm wheel base Toyota has created significantly more room inside for passengers and load space that’s on a par with large saloons.
The front-to-rear seat couple distance is now a best-in-class 970mm. Combined with a thinner front seatback design, this increases rear legroom. The rear seats have been made more comfortable by increasing the cushion’s length and increasing its surface angle. Higher side bolsters have been added, too.
Thanks to Toyota’s Easy Flat system, the rear seats can be quickly and easily folded flat. The seats divide 60:40 and each section can be reclined independently.
The loadspace is longer, increasing capacity to 547 litres, and an extra 49 litres of storage have been added to the undertray, taking it to 100 litres.
The side-hung tailgate that has featured on all previous versions of RAV4 has been replaced with a top-hinged unit. On some versions this is power operated. The tailgate opening has the lowest lip height in its class, at 645mm, and a 1,370mm-wide aperture.
The engine line-up for the new RAV4 in western Europe includes a new 2.0-litre diesel. The range has been selected to give the new model an unmatched balance of front and all-wheel drive performance with class-leading CO2 emissions across the board.
For European markets there is a choice of a 149bhp 2.0-litre petrol engine, a new 122bhp 2.0-litre diesel and a 148bhp 2.2-litre diesel. Each one gives improved CO2 emissions performance, on average better by 12 per cent across the range.
Of special note is the performance of the 2.0 diesel front-wheel drive RAV4. Equipped with Toyota’s Stop & Start technology this produces just 127g/km of CO2.
Successive generations of RAV4 have built on the original’s fun to drive character and established its reputation for ride comfort, ease of driving, manoeuvrability and steadfast performance in challenging driving conditions.
As well as providing a more comfortable and focused driving position, the new RAV4 builds on its SUV attributes with retuned suspension, revised electric power steering and an Integrated Dynamic Drive System that comes with a new Sport mode.
Together these revisions and introductions make for greater stability and agility in the wet and dry, giving a more confidence-inspiring, intuitive and involving drive.
Down-hill Assist and Hill-start Assist Control are also available. Down-hill Assist is featured on all models equipped with automatic transmission and is particularly helpful when driving in icy conditions or snow; it automatically controls gear selection, engine speed and the ABS’s individual wheel braking to help the driver keep skid-free control of the vehicle on slippery descents.
Integrated Dynamic Drive System
The Integrated Dynamic Drive is a sophisticated high-speed interactive management system which co-ordinates control of RAV4’s new Dynamic Torque Control AWD system, Vehicle Stability Control and electric power steering to improve performance, handling and safety.
The Dynamic Torque Control constantly monitors and controls the transfer of drive torque between the front and rear axles using an electromagnetic coupling located ahead of the rear differential. The torque distribution can vary from 100:0 to 50:50, front to rear. Front-wheel drive (100:0) is automatically engaged in normal driving conditions to achieve the best fuel economy.
The system determines the degree of torque transfer using data from a series of sensors monitoring vehicle speed, steering angle, throttle angle and yaw rate.
In Normal mode (when neither Sport nor Lock mode is activated), torque is transferred to the rear wheels only when slip is detected – as in the previous generation model – or when understeer is detected during cornering. This makes for better agility and driving performance, both on and off-road.
When Sport mode (standard on AWD models) is engaged, torque transfer to the rear wheels begins the moment the steering wheel is turned. The Dynamic Torque Control AWD System, taking feedback from the driver’s steering inputs, will automatically adjust to a 90:10 front:rear torque transfer to reduce the load on the front tyres.
Should understeer develop, torque transfer to the rear wheels will be increased by up to 50 per cent, further reducing the loading on the front wheels and giving better lateral grip.
As well as activating the dynamic element in the system’s torque transfer, Sport mode modifies the steering, throttle and transmission: steering assistance is reduced, throttle response is sharpened and the CVT or automatic transmission management operates with higher revs to give a sportier driving experience.
The system has a 4WD Lock button for off-road driving, allowing the driver to lock torque distribution in a 50:50 ratio at speeds up to 25mph (40km/h).
SAFETY AND TECHNOLOGY
The new RAV4 makes advances beyond the achievements of its predecessors to provide high standards of occupant safety and pedestrian impact protection. It features a new, high-rigidity, multi-path impact load body and has been engineered to meet the criteria for a five-star rating in the 2013 Euro NCAP crash test programme.
Inside there are new anti-whiplash seats and seven airbags, fitted as standard, including a driver’s knee airbag and twin-chamber front seat side airbags.
Two new technologies for safety and driver assistance are featured on RAV4 for the first time: a Lane Departure Alert and a Blind Spot Monitor.
Lane Departure Alert
The Lane Departure Alert uses a lane recognition camera sensor mounted on the head of the windscreen to determine if the vehicle is unintentionally moving out of its lane. It will sound a warning buzzer and trigger a flashing line icon on the car’s multi-information display to warn the driver.
Blind Spot Monitor
The blind spot warning system will alert the driver to another vehicle travelling in a blind spot alongside by lighting up the indicator on the door mirror on the appropriate side of the car. The system works using radar sensors fitted to each side of the rear of the vehicle. If the turn indicator is operating, the indicator will flash at fixed intervals to signal to the driver that another vehicle is in the blind spot.
From Motorin News