CNG Maruti 800 taxi in Mumbai
India's Maruti Suzuki said Saturday it had halted production of its iconic first small car, the Maruti 800, which revolutionised road transport for millions of Indians.
The boxy, four-seater hatchback -- the first car ever owned by many
Indian middle class families -- first rolled off the production line in 1983 and 2.9 million have been sold since, the company said.
"We have stopped the M-800 (Maruti 800) production," C.V. Raman, executive director of Maruti Suzuki told reporters at India's premier auto fair in the New Delhi suburb of Greater Noida.
The decision to phase out the Maruti 800, hailed as a triumph of small-car engineering when launched, was taken in 2010.
The company said it would be too costly to make the hatchback meet stricter emission standards aimed at cutting pollution on congested roads.
The no-frills car also had been eclipsed by fancier models.
"It was the car which drove the motorisation of India," Maruti deputy general manager Puneet Dhawan told AFP.
"But people wanted a more modern car and sales were slowing," he added.
Although the car is driving into history, spare parts for the Maruti 800 will be available for eight to 10 years, Dhawan said.
The vehicle, costing 50,000 rupees ($803) when launched by then prime minister Indira Gandhi who called it a "car for ordinary people", is now 235,000 rupees, a company website says.
In 1981, when Maruti Udyog was formed as a state-run company, Indian drivers had just two options if they wanted to buy locally made cars -- and often a five-year wait to get the keys.
Premier Automobiles produced cars with help from Italy's Fiat, while Hindustan Motors made the hulking Ambassador. Both were private companies.
Then, Gandhi gave Japan's Suzuki the green light to take a stake in Maruti Udyog -- an unprecedented move at a time when India's economy was largely closed.
She said Suzuki's innovative technology would help "redefine" rudimentary manufacturing processes.
Suzuki's stake in Maruti, which now produces a range of vehicles from hatchbacks to sedans, has since grown from 26 percent to 56 percent.
Since the Maruti 800's launch, India's car revolution has gained pace, with total sales of nearly two million units annually.
India will become the world's third-largest car market by 2020, selling five million units every year, according to industry forecasts.
Liberalisation policies since the early 1990s spawned an increasingly affluent middle class who have become targets of foreign car firms which have driven into India to propel global sales.
But Maruti maintains its market dominance, accounting for nearly one out of two new cars sold.
Last week, Maruti unveiled at the car fair a low-cost auto gear shift hatchback, Celerio, in a "market first" it hopes will open a new segment in India where less than five percent of cars are automatics.