China's manufacturing activity fell to a nine-month low in August as firms struggled with global woes, providing further impetus for Beijing to beef up economic stimulus efforts, HSBC said Thursday.
Preliminary figures from the British banking giant's closely watched purchasing managers' index (PMI), which gauges nationwide manufacturing activity, hit 47.8 this month, the lowest since November, HSBC said in a statement.
A PMI reading above 50 indicates expansion, while a reading below 50 points to contraction.
The preliminary result, down from a final reading of 49.3 in July, showed that Chinese manufacturers are still wrestling with declining overseas demand amid the slowing global economy, said Qu Hongbin, a Hong Kong-based economist with HSBC.
"Falling orders dragged down the August flash PMI to a nine-month low, suggesting Chinese producers are still struggling with strong
global headwinds," he said in the statement.
New export business declined at its sharpest rate since March 2009, HSBC said, without giving a figure.
"To achieve the stated policy goal of stabilizing growth and the jobs market, Beijing must step up policy easing to lift infrastructure investment in the coming months," Qu said.
China's economy grew 7.6 percent in the second quarter of this year, its slowest pace in more than three years.
Key economic data released earlier this month for July -- including trade, industrial output and retail sales figures -- pointed to continued weakness in the world's number two economy and raised hopes for further monetary easing.
Still, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao has expressed confidence that the economy would stay on track and be able to meet targets this year, including annual growth of at least 7.5 percent.
Authorities have cut interest rates and lowered reserve requirements for banks in a bid to spur lending to prop up the economy.
The country has also moved to encourage more government investment, though it has stopped short of the massive stimulus package launched in the wake of the global financial crisis in 2008.