Inflation in India rose to its highest level this fiscal at 7.81 per cent in September as prices of wheat, cereals and diesel soared, a development that may restrain RBI from cutting interest rates at its monetary policy later this month. This is its highest level since November 2011. Inflation, as measured by the Wholesale Price Index (WPI), was 7.55 per cent in August.
In September last year, however, it was 10 per cent. In the food articles category, wheat turned expensive by 18.63 per cent, up from 12.85 per cent in August. Cereals too became dearer by 14.18 per cent, from 10.7 per cent in the previous month.
Inflation in diesel shot up to 8.94 per cent during the month, from 0.36 per cent, following government raising prices of the petro-product by over Rs5 per litre on September 13.
For the fuel and power category, inflation surged 11.88 per cent from 8.32 per cent. Besides diesel, aviation turbine fuel and kerosene became expensive.
Food inflation, as a category, declined to 7.86 per cent during the month, from 9.14 per cent in the previous month.
Food articles have 14.3 per cent share in the WPI basket. Year-on-year basis, however, potatoes were costlier by 52.20 per cent and rice by 12.41 per cent.
In the manufactured items category, prices rose for cotton textiles, paper and paper products, rubber and plastic products.
The rate of price rise in the manufactured products was 6.26 per cent in September, as against 6.14 per cent in August.
The Reserve Bank is scheduled to unveil its policy on Oct.30. Industry has been demanding a rate cut in view of fiscal measures taken by the government, but the high level of inflation may dissuade RBI from easing the policy. Inflation in eggs, meat and fish prices was 12.44 per cent, while in milk and fruits it was 6.25 per cent and 6.96 per cent respectively.
However, vegetables prices have eased to (-) 6.78 per cent in September on year-on-year basis. Inflation in this segment was 9.98 per cent in August.
However, the pressure on prices of onions declined during the month to (-) 24.88 per cent.
In non-food articles, inflation in oil seeds was 28.13 per cent, fibres (-) 5.67 per cent and minerals 12.38 per cent.
Inflation for July was revised upwards to 7.52 per cent, from 6.87 per cent as per provisional estimates.
Before the September inflation number, as per the data released on Monday, June had the highest rate of price rise in this fiscal at 7.58 per cent.