The number of people officially registered as unemployed in Spain has edged up toward 5 million as the country’s recession shows few signs of abating and its struggling banks await crucial bailout cash.
Spain’s Labor Ministry said on Tuesday that unemployment rose a monthly 74,296 in November, or 1.5 per cent, to a record 4.9 million. The country’s unemployment rate is released separately and quarterly. It stood at 25 per cent at the end of the third quarter, with the youth unemployment rate standing well above 50 per cent.
The figures come a day after finance ministers from Spain’s euro partners approved the release of €39.5 billion ($51.6 billion) in bailout aid for Spanish banks worst hit by the property market collapse in 2008.
The funds are part of a €100 billion rescue package earmarked for Spain’s banks that is designed to ease the pressure on the Spanish government so it can concentrate on managing the national finances as well as those of the regions and avoid a full-blown sovereign bailout similar to those sought by Greece, Ireland and Portugal.
The €39.5 billion figure includes €37 billion in loans for four banks already nationalised by the Spanish government. The money is to begin arriving next week. Under the deal, Bankia will get €18 billion, Catalunya Caixa €9 billion, Novagalicia €5.5 billion and Valencia Bank €4.5 billion.
In return, the entities must reduce the size of their business by 60 per cent, branch numbers by 50 per cent, stop lending to real estate development and concentrate on retail loans and those to small and medium-sized companies in their base regions.
‘’The implementation of the program is on track,’’ said Jean-Claude Juncker, the Luxembourg prime minister who heads the eurogroup of finance ministers, a post he said he will step down from early 2013.
The ministers also approved €2.5 billion to help fund Sareb, Spain’s recently set up bad bank.
Many analysts think that Spain’s banks will need much over the months ahead to deal with their myriad of problems. In September, an independent audit commissioned by Spain estimated that the country’s troubled banks would need €60 billion to survive a serious downturn.
‘’One can’t help feeling that the amount being asked for could be one of many requests over the coming months,’’ said Michael Hewson, markets analyst at CMC Markets. ‘’With the aid being conditional on sweeping job cuts in excess of 6,000, and bank branch closures across the country the effects are likely to be felt across the entire Spanish economy, which is already seeing tax revenues shrink sharply.’’
Another four banks - Mare Nostrum, Banco Caja 3, Liberbank and Ceiss - not deemed fully capable of surviving a serious economic downturn are to present restructuring plans before Dec.20 in order to receive rescue funds. On on Monday. Spanish Economy Minister Luis de Guindos applied to the eurozone for €1.5 billion for these banks.
Spain on Monday requested formally the disbursement of 39.5 billion euros ($51.4 billion) of European funds to recapitalise its crippled banking sector, the Economy Ministry said in a statement.
The money -37 billion euros for the four nationalised banks Bankia, Catalunya Banc, NCG Banco and Banco de Valencia and 2.5 billion euros for the so-called “bad bank” -should be paid to the state’s banking fund FROB around December 12, it added.
Euro zone finance ministers are expected to approve the disbursement later on Monday when they meet in Brussels for their monthly meeting.
Meanwhile, Italian and Spanish bonds extended gains on Tuesday as relief that Greece could be on its way to clinch its next aid tranche underpinned demand for higher-yielding euro zone bonds.
The firmer tone in peripheral bonds kept German Bunds on the back foot, though losses were limited by signs US lawmakers could be headed for an impasse over budget talks that could push the world’s biggest economy into recession.