Mexico's iconic television comedian Roberto Gomez Bolanos
Los Angeles - AFP
Mexico's iconic television comedian Roberto Gomez Bolanos, who enchanted generations of Latin American children by playing an orphan who lived in a barrel and a goofy superhero, died aged 85.
Gomez Bolanos died in the Caribbean coast resort of Cancun, where he retired years ago due to respiratory illnesses, said the Televisa network, where the actor spent his entire career.
The cause of death was not given.
"Televisa laments the death of Don Roberto Gomez Bolanos, 'Chespirito,' an essential figure of Mexican televisions," the broadcaster wrote on Twitter.
Gomez Bolanos -- whose nickname Chespirito meant "Little Shakespeare" for his short stature and prolific writing -- created some of the most popular television shows in the history of Latin America.
In "El Chavo del Ocho" ("The Kid from the Eight"), Gomez Bolanos played a mischievous orphan who always wore a hat with ear flaps and slept in a barrel in the courtyard of a working-class housing complex.
Another famous character was "Chapulin Colorado" (Red Grasshopper), a red-hooded superhero with antennas and armed with a yellow and red hammer. His victory catch-phrase was, "They didn't count on my cleverness!"
His shows had millions of viewers from Mexico to the Andes and the tip of South America, as well as in Portuguese-speaking Brazil.
- 'A great Mexican' -
Tributes poured in shortly after his death was announced.
"Mexico has lost an icon, whose work has transcended generations and borders," Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto tweeted.
Edgar Vivar, an actor in "El Chavo del Ocho," was in tears as he spoke about his friend on Televisa.
"I'm in a state of shock. I didn't think that it would affect me so much," Vivar said. "I will always remember him with a smile."
Brazilian football star Ronaldinho, who plays for Mexican club Queretaro, said: "Rest in peace, eternal Chavez (Chavo) and Chapulin! A great Mexican who was part of my childhood and that of many Brazilians."
Televisa is planning to hold a massive tribute at Mexico City's 105,000-capacity Azteca Stadium.
- Overcoming fears -
Born to a Mexico City middle-class family on February 21, 1929, Gomez Bolanos grew up dreaming of being a football player, but he also showed a knack for boxing in school.
His father, a painter and illustrator for newspapers, died when Gomez Bolanos was eight years old.
He studied engineering but, at the age of 22, he began to write ads for an advertising company before writing radio, television and film scripts.
His television show "Chespirito," which began to air when he was 40 years old, was on the air for 25 years.
His comedies masked deep fears that haunted him since childhood.
"Courage does not consist in lacking fear, but overcoming fear," he once said. "The Red Grasshopper knew that he was small, weak, stupid, clumsy. (...) But he would confront problems. That's a hero."
Gomez Bolanos is the father of six children he had with his first wife.
He spent the last years of his life with his second wife, Florinda Meza, who played Dona Florinda, a grumpy, apron-wearing housewife with curlers in her hair in "El Chavo del Ocho."